This package provides TypeScript types that help you add typed events to your EventTarget subclasses.

Usage

To create a subclass of EventTarget that has custom events:

import type { AddEvents } from 'typed-event-types';

interface WhateverEventMap {
  whatever: CustomEvent<number>;
}

class ObjectWithEvents extends (EventTarget as AddEvents<typeof EventTarget, WhateverEventMap>) {}
const o = new ObjectWithEvents();

o.addEventListener('whatever', (e) => {
  console.info(e.detail);  // <-- TS now knows this is a number
});

This also works for Custom Elements (or anything else that already has events), and keeps all the existing events:

class ElementWithMoreEvents extends (HTMLElement as AddEvents<typeof HTMLElement, WhateverEventMap>) {}
const e = new ElementWithMoreEvents();

e.addEventListener('whatever', (e) => {
  console.info(e.detail);  // <-- TS now knows this is a number
});
e.addEventListener('click', (e) => {
  console.info(e.movementX);  // <-- TS still knows this is a MouseEvent
});

Great!

You can also extend your types again, because that’s the point:

class ExtendedEvenMoreEvents extends (ElementWithMoreEvents as AddEvents<typeof ElementWithMoreEvents, {
  anotherEvent: CustomEvent<string>;
}>) {}
const ee = new ExtendedEvenMoreEvents();
ee.addEventListener('anotherEvent', (e) => {
  console.info(e.detail);  // <-- TS now knows this is a string
});
ee.addEventListener('whatever', (e) => {
  console.info(e.detail);  // <-- TS still knows this is a number
});

Background

This has historically been a hard problem.

TypeScript internally solves this by adding/replacing the addEventListener call on all its internal interfaces whenever it needs to add more types. But this isn’t additive, you need to replace all the events every time.

For example, on the media elements, TypeScript does this:

interface HTMLMediaElementEventMap extends HTMLElementEventMap {
    "encrypted": MediaEncryptedEvent;
    "waitingforkey": Event;
}
interface HTMLMediaElement extends HTMLElement {
    addEventListener<K extends keyof HTMLMediaElementEventMap>(type: K, listener: (this: HTMLMediaElement, ev: HTMLMediaElementEventMap[K]) => any, options?: boolean | AddEventListenerOptions): void;
}

…which is fine, but annoying for developers to do every time: you can’t extend something easily as you need to know what set of events your parent had.

The approach in this package solves this by adding specific addEventListener etc calls which accept a type literal, which TypeScript happily hoists and merges with the other keys. (TypeScript could use this approach internally, too—it would be a bit more verbose in the generated types, but make the built-in types much easier to write.)

So how does this work? Well… check out the source.

Attributions

This internally includes UnionToIntersection from here. Thanks, @ddprrt.

Contributions

Unknown This

Because of the way the addEventListener etc calls are added, we don’t know what this is at the time. Listeners added this way should get the this of the EventTarget.

This is a limitation but only if you’re using function() { ... }, which, …you probably aren’t, anymore. So if you’re writing inline handlers, use () => { ... }. To be clear, this isn’t dangerous: we just say that this is EventTarget, which is true, but not very useful. TypeScript will complain at you.

This doesn’t effect self-referential cases like this:

class ElementWithMoreEvents extends (HTMLElement as AddEvents<typeof HTMLElement, WhateverEventMap>) {
  constructor() {
    super();
    this.addEventListener('whatever', this.unboundHandler);
  }
  unboundHandler() {
    // this will be from the caller, and for events, it's set correctly
  }
}

Maybe you can help fix… this? 👀

Verbose Syntax

The syntax is pretty verbose. I’ve tried to make it slightly nicer to work with a builder function—it doesn’t do anything, just returns the argument but casts it—but it ends up being a bit unsafe.

Want to contribute? @-me or you know, do GitHub things.

Usage

Install via “typed-event-types”.

But! If you want to take this code and include it in a TS helper library—I’d love that! It is a bit niche, as it specifically targets the DOM. Just attribute me (Apache-2.0) or tell me where to contribute the PR.

GitHub

View Github